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AEP (Auditory evoked potentials): see “evoked potentials”

Antibody: Proteins which arise in the organism after the assimilation of antigen

Antigen: foreign substance which stimulates the blood to create antibodies

Arigeneinal neuralgia: Almost ever half-side and in common intense pain bout in the face.

Ataxia: interference of motion sequences

Autoimmune disease: Disease in which the immune system opposes against the own body, this means it attacks healthy cells and damages them.

Cerebrospinal fluid diagnostic: By puncturing the spinal cord cerebrospinal fluid can be extracted for microscopic and chemical-immunological examination. Many MS-patients show a multiplication of cells in the cerebrospinal fluid as well as increased existence of proteins. With a special technique (immune electronic phoresis) antibodies (immune globulin) which show the so called oligoclonal bands can be found. Additionally the cerebrospinal fluid examination also serves the confidence to exclude other diseases.

Complex carbohydrates: e.g. contained in rice, potatoes and durum wheat noodles. Complex carbohydrates are slowly absorbed by the body and allow a long lasting repletion. Strong blood sugar variations can be avoided.

Computed tomography (CT): The computed tomography is a special X-ray examination which creates raster images of tissue contrasts in a tube. The MS-diagnostic and progression evaluation are set boundaries through an insufficient responsiveness. The visibility is only given at herds with more than 7mm.

CNS (central nervous system): Part of the nervous system = brain and medulla

Easy absorbable carbohydrate: e.g. contained in sweets etc., are fast absorbed by the body, lead to a fast rise of the blood sugar and raise a short-term repletion. They have very low vital substance.

Electrophysiological examinations: Simulated standardized impulses cause electronic signals in cells which are made measurable through intensifier techniques. The evoked impulse responds are called “evoked potentials”.

Evoked Potentials: Electronic signals in cells (“evoked” impulse responds) which are activated through simulated standardized impulses which are made measurable though intensifier techniques.
Auditory evoked brainstem-potentials: AEP
The hearing is being stimulated with “click”-sounds through a headset on one side and the responding impulse is being deflected behind the ear. Since the important channels of the hearing system pass through the brainstem, it is possible to detect respective damages.
Visual evoked potentials: VEP
A chessboard pattern with changing black and white faces is being presented on a video screen to provoke the retina of the eye. An electrode derivative on the back of the head registers the responses of the cortex of brain. The signal shows time lags of the impulsive respond which are typical for MS-patients. With this method damages of the visual nerve can be detected which can not be noticed by the patient.
Somatosensory evoked potentials: SSEP or SEP
Electro sensitive impulses are being set on the skin, the arm (medianus nerve) and the leg (tibialis nerve). The impulsive responds are being deflected from different parts of the nervous system (brain, medulla). With this examination the places of the main damages can be defined. In the case of MS these responds can be decelerated, deformed and understated.
Hypothesis: a not yet proven statement

Incontinence: the disability to control the release of urine and the dejection

Lymphocytes: White blood corpuscles which are of a special importance for the immune defense.

Magnetic Resonance Imagery: MRI
This remarkable sensitive examination has become essential for MS. The principle of magnetic resonance imagery as an imagery method is based upon a phenomenon of resonance between hydrogen atoms and electromagnetic waves within an outside magnetic field. The patient is being bedded in a narrow channel. A criteria for the MS-diagnosis is the existence of specific herds in typical location and size. With this ray-free examination, acute, new and old herds can be differed with the help of contrast mediums. Special MRI-examination methods (STIR) achieve a resolution of 0,4 mm. After the determination of the diagnosis the MRI-examination plays an important role in the evaluation of the progress and in the therapy planning.

Myelin Sheath: Confining layer which wraps spirally in sections around the nerve fibers

Spastic: cumulative muscle strain under the impact of sensitive impulses

SSEP or SEP (somatosensory evoked potentials): See: “evoked potentials”

VEP (Visual Evoked Potentials): see “evoked potentials”

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